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They range from mosques, churches, palaces and museums to bazaars, Turkish baths and parks. For a breathtaking view across Istanbul, you can climb the Galata Tower, or take a ride on a ferry to the city’s Asian shore. A selection of the www.anugerahkubah.com sights you should not miss is given below. If you are short of time you will probably want to concentrate on the most famous monuments, namely Topkapa Palace, Haghia Sophia and the Blue Mosque which are all located conveniently close to each other.

Istanbul’s Best: Mosques and Churches

Most visitors to Istanbul will immediately be struck by the quantity of mosques, from the imposing domed buildings dominating the skyline to the small neighborhood mosques which would pass unnoticed were it not for their minarets, Several mosques were built as churches, but converted for Islamic worship after the Ottoman conquest. Some of the most outstanding of them have since become national monuments, but no longer serve a religious function.

St Saviour in Chora

The Dormition of the Virgin is one’ of many beautiful mosaics that Jill this Byzantine church.

Eyüp Mosque

The holiest mosque in Istanbul stands beside the tomb of Eyüp Ensari, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad.

Church of the Pammakaristos

An image of Christ Pantocrator gazes dome of what was one of the most important churches in the city.

Exploring Mosques

Five times a day throughout Istanbul a chant is broadcast over loudspeakers set high in the city’s minarets to call the faithful to prayer. Over 99 per cent of the population is Muslim, though the Turkish state is officially secular. Most belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, but there are also a few Shiites. Both follow the teachings of the Koran, the sacred book of Islam, and the Prophet Mohammed (c.570-632), but Shiites accept, in addition, the authority of a line of 12 imams directly descended from Mohammed. Islamic mystics are known as Sufis.


Visitors will experience a soaring sense of space on entering the prayer hall of one of Istanbul’s great mosques. Islam forbids images of living things (human or animal) inside a mosque, so there are never any statues or figurative paintings; but the geometric and abstract architectural details of the interior can be exquisite. Men and women pray separately. Women often use a screened off area or a balcony.

The müezzin mahfili is a raised platform found in large mosques. The muezzin (mosque official) stands on this when chanting responses to the prayers of the imam (head of the mosque).

The mihrab, an ornate niche in the wall, marks the direction of Mecca. The prayer hall is laid out so that most people can see it.

The minbar is a lofty pulpit to the right of the mihrab. This is used by the imam when he delivers the Friday sermon (khutba).


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